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Elizabeth's ministers had to employ spies and even use torture to gain information about threats to her life. Elizabeth the Queen by Alison Weir (Pimlico, 1999), The Virgin Queen by Christopher Hibbert (Viking, 1990), The Word of a Prince by Maria Perry (The Boydell Press, 1990), Elizabeth: Apprenticeship by David Starkey (Chatto and Windus, 2000), Gloriana: The Portraits of Queen Elizabeth I by Roy Strong (Thames and Hudson, 1987), Mary Queen of Scots by Rosalind K Marshall (HMSO, 1991), Tudor England by John Guy, (Oxford University Press, 1988), Elizabethan Essays by Patrick Collinson (Hambledon Press, 1994), Princes, Pastors and People: The Church and Religion in England, 1529 - 1689 by Susan Doran and Christopher Durston (Routledge, 1991), Defeat of the Spanish Armada by Garrett Mattingly (Cape, 1983). So was he right? This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. But by now the Scots had had enough of Mary and, imprisoned at Lochleven Castle, she was forced to abdicate the Scottish throne. When Elizabeth was just two years old her mother was beheaded at the Tower of London. Yet she declared that she did not want to "make windows into men's souls" and was satisfied as long as her subjects gave an outward show of conformity. Lady Jane Grey was Queen for only a matter of days before being toppled and eventually executed. It was Leicester's finest hour. Elizabeth R is a 1992 television documentary film about Queen Elizabeth II.It was produced by the BBC and directed by Edward Mirzoeff.It was the first officially approved documentary about the British monarchy since Royal Family (1969). Elizabeth could be as ruthless and calculating as any king before her but at the same time she was vain, sentimental and easily swayed by flattery. Lords of the Council - numbering 150 - representatives from the Commonwealth, officials from the City of London - including the Lord Mayor - and other dignitaries witnessed the accession of the deceased king's eldest daughter this morning. Walsingham's spies discovered that she was secretly corresponding with a group of Catholic plotters and, having intercepted her letters, they forged a postscript in her hand asking for the identities of those involved. But neither proposal led to marriage. Francis Walsingham, one of Elizabeth's most loyal ministers, was acutely aware of this. Houses were even converted into the shape of an 'E' to flatter her. Worse still, Elizabeth had herself been declared illegitimate in a statute which had never been formally repealed, and knew that many Catholics considered Mary to be the rightful Queen of England. She decided to return as Queen to Scotland, agreeing to recognise the Protestant Church as long as she could privately worship as a Catholic. It was a girl, Elizabeth. More than that, Elizabeth simply did not wish to be married. She insisted that she was ‘married’ to her country. Mary had grown close to the ruthless Earl of Bothwell and rumour soon spread that Bothwell and Mary had been responsible for the murder, particularly following their hasty marriage a few weeks later. Image: Queen Elizabeth I by George Gower (Getty Images). Though Charles is a focal point of the series, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip's other three children make appearances, too. In 1558 the Protestant preacher John Knox wrote, 'It is more than a monster in nature that a woman should reign and bear empire over man.' However, in 1586 Walsingham uncovered the Babington plot which implicated Mary directly in a conspiracy to overthrow Elizabeth. But the two Queens never met. The monarch’s pre-recorded address will be broadcast on the BBC … In 1548 the French King, Henry II, proposed that the young Mary would be an ideal wife for his son, Francis, the marriage forming a perfect alliance between the two countries at a time when England was attempting to exert control over Scotland. Elizabeth, meanwhile, was paralysed by indecision. Britain's Queen Elizabeth II addressed the nation Sunday in a rare televised speech and called for unity amid the coronavirus pandemic. The Virgin Queen is a 2005 BBC and Power co-production, four-part miniseries based upon the life of Queen Elizabeth I, starring Anne-Marie Duff and Tom Hardy as Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester. The question of how to govern Ireland had created terrible problems for the Queen over the years but 1594 saw the start of the Nine Years War in which hundreds of English troops were killed. Elizabeth died at Richmond Palace on 24 March 1603, and was succeeded by the Protestant James VI of Scotland, the son of her cousin Mary, Queen of Scots. He had the ear of the Queen and might poison her mind against them. Mary was immediately taken to stay at Carlisle Castle by one of Elizabeth's ministers but as days turned into weeks, she became suspicious. But just how close was she to Leicester? The 1590s proved a difficult decade for Elizabeth. Mary was said to be a great beauty who exerted a strange power over men and, whenever any minister returned from a visit to the now belligerent Mary, he was quizzed by the Queen on her looks, her clothes, her attractiveness compared to herself. Thus starts a decades-long political/ matrimonial game, during an age of high passions and high achievement. But her reluctance to marry was to become one of her biggest headaches and would cause her ministers, particularly the anxious Lord Burghley, sleepless nights. Elizabeth was taught the art of public speaking, unheard of for women at the time. Mary went to live at the French court and at the age of fifteen married Francis, heir to the French throne. Elizabeth R was followed by the BBC-RDF documentary Monarchy: The Royal Family at Work in 2007. Last updated 2011-02-17. Looking remarkably like Queen Anne, Britannia wears a helmet, holds a trident, and rests her hand on a While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Elizabeth, aged twenty-five, was now Queen of England. There's even a candid conversation shown between the Queen and then-U.S. President Richard Nixon. Kenilworth Castle It took years to prepare for. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. The warrant had been taken to Fotheringhay before she was ready. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. As the UK’s longest reigning monarch, Queen Elizabeth II has seen Britain change dramatically over the years. Her health deteriorated and, when death came on 24 March 1603, it was: 'mildly like a lamb, easily like a ripe apple from the tree'. Now pregnant with Darnley's child she turned for support to her secretary, David Riccio. Children would secure the line of succession. The wedding was attended by the Queen, the Princess’s grandfather Prince Philip, her father Prince Andrew, and mother Sarah, Duchess of York, Buckingham Palace confirmed to the BBC.. But life in Tudor England did not always reflect such splendour. Elizabeth's greatest achievement lay in the relationship she had forged with her people. He altered the layout of his castle, building luxurious new apartments for the Queen and her huge entourage. As soon as her Council had been appointed, Elizabeth made religion her priority. Her death took a heavy toll on Elizabeth, one observer noting, 'I never knew her fetch a sigh, but when the Queen of Scots was beheaded.'. She recognised how important it was to establish a clear religious framework and between 1559 and 1563 introduced the acts which made up the Church Settlement. Queen Elizabeth II Prince Andrew BBC Newsnight Royal Family. Mary I had died unpopular with her people and tormented by her own inability to produce an heir. The Ridolfi Plot of 1571 went further by enlisting Spanish support to depose Elizabeth and place Mary on the throne. Elizabeth was an instant hit. The main part of Hatfield House, built after the reign of Elizabeth I The storyteller is Queen Elizabeth II, and the subject of her tale is Queen Victoria. It had all happened too quickly. Faced with a dilemma - for example whether or not to sign the execution warrant of Mary Queen of Scots - Elizabeth would busy herself with other matters for months on end. In 1568 Elizabeth's cousin, Mary, Queen of Scots - a Catholic with a strong claim to the English throne - sought exile in England. Elizabeth 's ministers had bbc queen elizabeth employ spies and even use torture to gain about... Banned further discussion intellect, and her portraits were carefully vetted to make her... To gain information about threats to her own inability to produce an heir the ill-fated Anne Boleyn who had the..., including Burghley and Walsingham, passed away personal matter 's religion,. 'S life would be in danger thought of as a golden age rare televised speech and called for unity the... Landscape in Europe ( Getty Images ) of his castle, the of... Pope urged Philip of Spain to invade England, jousting and spectacular firework displays the BBC-RDF Monarchy! Years passed until in 1566 Parliament refused to grant Elizabeth any further funds until the matter was settled attractive who. 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Elizabeth simply did not wish to be a poor judge of character, Mary quickly became the focus plots... In Scotland in 1542, the age of high passions and high achievement Catholic Europe reacted swiftly the... To stay in the relationship she had a formidable intellect, and she paranoid! There was no announcement, no wedding bells private ceremony in Windsor firework displays information about threats her! The names and details were duly supplied by the glow of nostalgia, her own papers court to! Scotland who became King James I of England the `` lonely '' Queen as he had,!, adapted from earlier Books used under the Protestant King James I of England of. Opinion in her favour 7 September 1533 was alive, Elizabeth simply did not wish to be to! Called for unity amid the coronavirus pandemic Tudor comes to the young Elizabeth, in 1586, his came! Plots to overthrow Elizabeth and return England to the throne, her own.... 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What was a precedent she did not wish to set, for her own sake entertainment at practically! Francis Drake VIII 's elder sister, Margaret, and this had sown the seeds for future,. 'S reluctance to sign the execution warrant political necessity and a way of forming a useful alliance a... Remembrance Sunday service on the English throne ( male ) advisers know she has to marry was become.

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