New Jersey and Delaware had a majority of British with 20% German-descended colonists, about a 6% black population, and a small contingent of Swedish descendants of New Sweden. Roughly 12 million Africans were forcibly transported to Europe, Asia, the Caribbean, and the Americas between 1500 and 1900. Stout, Harry S. "The New England Soul: Preaching and Religious Culture in Colonial New England." estimated population of american colonies: 1610 to 1780 : pp. They were 90% of whites in 1700. The average age at first marriage for both men and women began to fall after WWII, dropping 22.8 for men and 20.3 for women in 1950 and dropping even more to 22.5 and 20.1 years in 1956. There was no government assistance. Haines, Michael R. and Richard H. Steckel (eds.). "Premarital pregnancy in America 1640-1971: An overview and interpretation. The ancestry of the 3.9 million population in 1790 has been estimated from various sources by sampling last names in the 1790 census and assigning them a country of origin.  Due to the Great Migration, many large cities outside of the former Confederacy (such as New York City, Chicago, Detroit, and Cleveland) experienced huge increases in the African American percentage of their total population. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970, Bicentennial Edition, Part 2, Series Z 1–19. grants. Print. Most non-white babies of non-Hispanic white mothers are either Hispanic or black, and non-Hispanic black mothers occasionally have Hispanic children. According to one source  the following were the countries of origin for new arrivals coming to the United States before 1790. Elsewhere the number given is 51,000 (80,000 in total less 29,000 Welsh). Middle Series", "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: historical demographical data of the whole country", "United States - Death rate: Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people)", https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr60/nvsr60_01.pdf, "National Vital Statistics Reports. Source: National Center for Health Statistics, Census Bureau Intercensal Estimates . Percent Distribution of the Projected Population by Race and Hispanic Origin for the United States: 2015 to 2060. In the 17th century the principal component of the population in the colonies was of English origin, and the second largest group was of African heritage. In contrast, the African American percentage of the total population in other parts of the U.S. (outside of the South) was historically almost always in the single digits (0.0% to 9.9%). Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals By Race, 1790 to 1990... "U.S. Census Bureau 2017 National Population Projections Tables", "Median Age at First Marriage, 1890â2010", http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/united_states/exploration_1675.jpg, http://www2.census.gov/prod2/statcomp/documents/CT1970p2-13.pdf, "Trends in Migration to the U.S. â Population Reference Bureau", "Economic Geography, Politics, and Policy", "Internal Migration in the United States", https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/vsus.htm, "Births, Marriages, Divorces, and Deaths: Provisional Data for 2008", https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/working-papers/2009/demo/us-pop-proj-2000-2050/analytical-document09.pdf, Births of U.S. states and territories by race/ethnicity, Race and ethnicity in the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Drafting and ratification of Constitution, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographic_history_of_the_United_States&oldid=996647320, Wikipedia articles needing reorganization from May 2016, Articles lacking in-text citations from May 2016, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2016, Articles with dead external links from September 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Several West African regions were the home to most African slaves transported to America. , All the colonies grew mostly by natural growth, with foreign born populations rarely exceeding 10%. After 1820 immigration gradually increased. By 1490, more than 3,000 slaves a year were transported to Portugal and Spain from Africa African Americans (Blacks) made up almost one-fifth of the United States population in 1790, but their percentage of the total U.S. population declined in almost every U.S. census until 1930. Middle Series", "Table 6. However, the percentage of the Hispanic/Latino population has dramatically increased in many U.S. states both inside and outside the Southwest in recent decades. Fogel, Robert W. "Nutrition and the decline in mortality since 1700: Some preliminary findings." The natural increase is slightly smaller than shown for non-Hispanic whites and slightly different for non-Hispanic blacks because the birth figures shown refer to mothers of that race, not the children. They had fewer rights than women and children do today, yet they had many responsibilities and activities that contributed to their families and communities. The figures cover the years before the establishment of the U.S. Census in 1790. From 1831 to 1840 immigration increased greatly, to 599,000 total, as 207,000 Irish, even before the famine of 1845-49, started to emigrate in large numbers as Britain eased travel restrictions. * United States, Paraguay, Suriname, French Guiana, Bermuda, Anguilla, Antigua-Barbuda, Aruba, Barbados, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles (and Curaçao), Saint Kitts-Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Turks and Caicos Islands and US Virgin Islands. During WWII birthrates had been low, as millions of men had been away fighting in WWII and this had deterred women from starting families: women also had to take the place of men in the workplace, while simultaneously fulfilling their household duties. Below you will find an array of charts and graphs containing a wealth of information about life in colonial America. As Gary B. 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