Richard Allen was ordained a deacon of the Methodist Episcopal Church. The Federal Election Commission imposed a $6,000 fine on Jerry Falwell because he illegally transferred $6.7 million in funds intended for his religious ministry to his various political efforts. Their hope was to escape the religious persecution they were facing in their countries. David Wayne Hull, a Ku Klux Klan leader in Pennsylvania and adherent of Christian Identity, was arrested for plotting to blow up abortion clinics. Thousands of anti-Muslim protesters in Lowertown Manhattan gather to protest the proposed opening of a mosque near the site of the 9/11/2001 destruction of the world trade center towers by Muslim extremists. James J. Reeb, died later in a Birmingham, Alabama hospital. It was basically very informal and not institutionalized, unlike the European congregations. In the colonial times, much of their religion was influenced by Europeans and the settlers coming from all around the world. The first Mormon temple was dedicated in Kirtland, Ohio. This support varied from tax benefits to religious requirements for voting or serving in the legislature.” A ll colonies were predominantly Christian. Jerry Falwell broke away from the church were he was saved and founded Thomas Road Baptist Church, the church he continues to lead. America has picked up many of these original colonial ideas. Civilized people of all religious faiths are called to the defense of His creation," implying that atheists. During a TV debate in Sacramento, Falwell falsely denied calling the gay-oriented Metropolitan Community Churches "brute beasts" and "a vile and Satanic system" that will "one day be utterly annihilated and there will be a celebration in heaven." The past religion of the tribes is still practiced today within many tribes. Aimee Semple McPherson, founder of the Church of the Four-Square Gospel, died. List of Religions in the World Religion is something that is derivative from a group of people’s beliefs regarding the principles of life, the supernatural and the afterlife (if any). Churches were spread apart and populations around those churches were small. The film adaptation of Dan Brown's novel The Davinci Code was released, in which it was suggested that Jesus Christ and Mary Magdalene were married and had children. Aimee Semple McPherson, founder of the Four Square Gospel Church, was born. As a matter of fact, Christmas had a bad reputation among many Christians as a time of un-Christian excess and partying. Jerry Falwell announced at a pastors' conference in that the Antichrist is alive today and "of course he'll be Jewish.". That influence continues in American culture, social life, and politics. We must take back what is rightfully ours.". New York: Oxford University Press, 2007. Protestant theologian Reinhold Niebuhr died at the age of 78 in Stockbridge, Massachusetts. William Penn, an English Quaker, received a charter from Charles II which made him the sole proprietor of the colonial American territory of Pennsylvania. Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum were lynched by a mob in Carthage, Illinois. Religious diversity had become a dominant part of colonial life. At least 100,000 disillusioned followers returned to their former churches or abandoned Christianity completely - but many went on establish what would become known as the Adventist Churches. According to Powers, she took that step as "an act of public resistance to false teachings that have contributed to heresy and homophobia within the church itself.". Bishop Thomas O'Brien, former head of Arizona's largest Roman Catholic diocese, was convicted of a hit and run. This would lead to a series of violent anti-Chinese riots across Tibet and eventually the world, including the U.S. Dale Neumann, and later his wife Leilani Neuman, was convicted of reckless homicide in Wisconsin after their daughter died when they sought faith-healing rather than medical treatment for her condition. was born. . Brigham Young, Mormon leader, was arrested for bigamy. Jerry Falwell described AIDS as a "gay plague.". Alabama Chief Justice Moore was suspended for his refusal to remove a monument of the Ten Commandments from the rotunda of the Alabama Judicial Building. As tensions between Mormons and non-Mormons increased, the first battle of the "Mormon War" in Missouri occurred at Crooked River when LDS forces raided a camp of the state militia and captured a number of horses. A Joint Resolution of the Kentucky General Assembly was passed, requiring public schools in the state to include lessons on Christian influences on America and calling for the display of the Ten Commandments in schools and on State Capitol grounds. When was Jerry Falwell's church finally desegregated? America's first Protestant Episcopal parish was established in Jamestown, Virginia. Decided: O'Bannon v. Indiana Civil Liberties UnionThe Supreme Court refused to hear a case about a large monument in Indiana which would have included the Ten Commandments. The power of religion had a great influence on the colonies and the colonists in the time period of Colonial America. In the encyclical Evangelium Vitae, Pope John Paul II ordered all Catholic voters, judges, and legislators to obey Vatican teaching in their decisions and votes: "In the case of an intrinsically unjust law, such as a law permitting abortion or euthanasia, it is never licit to obey it, or to take part in a propaganda campaign in favor of such a law, or to vote for it.". Samuel Parris. The First Great Awakening, led by Anglican priest George Whitefield, began in Western Massachusetts and lasted from 1734 through the 1760s.  Quoted in Edward D. Neill, Virginia Colonial Clergy . Rev. Massachusetts passed a law that required church doors to be locked during services - evidently to keep people from leaving before the long sermons were finished. Joseph Smith and his brother Hyrum were arrested by Illinois authorities. Many of the newlyweds were complete strangers to one another. Alfred Cumming, selected by President James Buchanan to replace Brigham Young as governor for the territory of Utah, took office. Henry McNeal Turner, bishop for the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church, died in Windsor, Ontario, Canada. In the "Mountain Meadows Massacre," a wagon train of 127 died at Mountain Meadows (near Cedar City), Utah. The 4,450 priests involved constitute about 4 percent of the 110,000 priests who served during the 52 years covered by the study. Circuit Court of Appeals unanimously rejected an appeal from Roy Moore in his effort to keep his Ten Commandments monument in the rotunda of the Alabama Judicial Building. An Atheist's View of the Christian Right's Agenda and Beliefs, Chronology of Events in Evolutionary Theory, A Timeline of the First Crusade, 1095 - 1100, Expansion of the Ottoman Empire From 1300–1600, Second Crusade Chronology 1144 - 1150: Christianity vs. Islam, Hillary Clinton's Religious Background and Beliefs, Third Crusade and Aftermath 1186 - 1197: Timeline of the Crusades, Roman Catholic Popes of the Fifth Century, School District of Abington Township v. Schempp, Unitarian Church and the Universalist Church. The United Methodist Church formally rejected the notion or value of pluralism when, during the General Conference in St. Louis, Bishop Jack Tuell declared "The time has come to say the last rites over the notion that the defining characteristic of United Methodist theology is pluralism." Jonathan Edwards was dismissed from his post as minister of the Congregational church in Northampton, MA. Many of the communities were populated by men with a ratio of only one woman per four men. Quaker leader William Penn began a series of monthly meetings for blacks advocating emancipation from slavery. Decided: Elkhart vs. BrooksThe 7th Circuit Court ruled that a Fraternal Order of Eagles Ten Commandments monument at an Indian city hall was unconstitutional. The US House of Representatives voted 295-125 to support Judge Roy Moore, a local judge in Alabama who has refused to remove a Ten Commandments plaque from his courtroom. Black evangelist William J. Seymour arrived in Los Angeles and began a series of revival meetings. Swaggart was ordered to stay off TV for a year but returned anyway after just three months. Naropa University in Boulder Colorada was unofficially begun by Tibetan teacher Chogyam Trungpa and Alan Watts. A group of Mormons formed an organization that would obey Joseph Smith "in all things" and in "whatever he requires. 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