Vitamin D has been used to treat “itai-itai” disease. Serious toxicity problems have resulted from long-term exposure to cadmium plating baths. Chemical pneumonitis. ACUTE OCCUPATIONAL CADMIUM POISONING: A CRITICAL REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. Wal-Mart did not stop selling the jewelry until May 12 because "it would be too difficult to test products already on its shelves". myalgias. Cadmium is used in nickel-cadmium batteries; these are some of the most popular and most common cadmium-based products. Additionally, cadmium can impact many other organs and organ systems. Ingestion of any significant amount of cadmium causes immediate poisoning and damage to the liver and the kidneys. Cadmium Poisoning Fromtime to time episodes of acute cadmium poisoning are reported, emphasizing the potential toxicity of this metal and its salts. chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema. Acute toxicity will be observed when the blood level exceeds 50 ng/mL. [PMC free article] BONNELL JA, KAZANTZIS G, KING E. A follow-up study of men exposed to cadmium oxide fume. Most of these symptoms have many other causes, but may provide useful information for diagnosis These include: abdominal pain, burning sensation, nausea, vomiting, salivation, muscle cramps, vertigo, shock, loss of consciousness and convulsions. Depending upon the route of exposure, acute cadmium toxicity primarily affects the lungs and gastrointestinal tract. Cadmium poisoning has a vast variety of symptoms. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA (2012), CDC. Who is exposed to cadmium? To review relevant content, see Respiratory Effects in this section. Inhaling cadmium-laden dust quickly leads to respiratory tract and kidney problems which can be fatal (often from kidney failure). Treatment usually includes the oral administration of calcium edetate. B. | ATSDR - Environmental Medicine & Environmental Health Education - CSEM", Case Studies in Environmental Medicine (CSEM) Cadmium Toxicity Clinical Assessment - Laboratory Tests, https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/csem/csem.asp?csem=6&po=16#tocbookmark3, ATSDR Case Studies in Environmental Medicine: Cadmium Toxicity, CDC - Cadmium - NIOSH Workplace Safety and Health Topic, National Pollutant Inventory - Cadmium and compounds, http://www.canoshweb.org/odp/html/cadmium.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cadmium_poisoning&oldid=993820126, Articles with limited geographic scope from January 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. IPCS (International Programme on Chemical Safety) Cadmium–Environmental Health Criteria 134. (2010). Regulations that set permissible levels of exposure, however, are enforced to protect workers and to make sure that levels of cadmium in the air are considerably below levels thought to result in harmful effects. Cadmium is also used in refining zinc metal and its byproduct is one of the leading causes of cadmium poisoning. not identified OSTI Identifier: 4509106 NSA Number: NSA-22 … Moreover, transfection with antisense thioltransferase cDNA was incompatible with cell survival. Acute toxicity of copper, lead, cadmium, and zinc to early life stages of white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) in laboratory and Columbia River water. More severe exposures can cause tracheo-bronchitis, pneumonitis, and pulmonary edema. OSTI.GOV Journal Article: ACUTE OCCUPATIONAL CADMIUM POISONING: A CRITICAL REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE. Acute toxicity: ↑ blood cadmium; Chronic toxicity ↑ Urine cadmium; β2 microglobulin in urine; Treatment: not known  Chromium. 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