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japanese zero plane facts

The year is 1991, and researchers have discovered the wreck of a Mitsubishi Zero A6M deep within the Indonesian jungle. MODERN AIR FORCES. The Mitsubishi A6M known as the Zero is a single-engine single-seat fighter and fighter bomber aircraft produced by the Japanese manufacturer Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, operated during WWII by the Imperial Japanese Navy. Thereafter the Zero took part in virtually every Pacific battle. That was the year 2600 on the Japanese calendar. No opposition aircraft could match the performance of the Zero. When it first appeared, the Zero could outmaneuver every airplane it encountered. Mitsubishi aircraft undertook the project of developing the new navy fighter aircraft under the leadership of Jiro Horikoshi. BY DECADE. The plane wes powered by a Japanese Sake Model 12 Engine The next most-often encountered Japanese fighter plane was also Japan’s best, the Nakajima Ki-84 “Frank.” Capable of reaching a speed of 426 mph, it also featured self-sealing fuel tanks, ample armor and armored glass, making it a match for the Allied fighters it faced. As a result of … The A6M was designated as the Mitsubishi Navy Type 0 carrier fighter (零式艦上戦闘機, rei-shiki-kanjō-sentōki), or the Mitsubishi A6M Rei-sen. There’s several impostors flying, such as the last of 25 U.S. AT-6 Texan “Zeros” crafted in convincing-enough detail to fly in a blockbuster or two, though bloated when compared to the svelte original Zero. It was the primary fighter used by Japan during the war. A prototype rolled off of the assembly line on March 16, 1939. Never substantially updated or replaced, the Zero remained the Imperial Japanese Navy's primary fighter throughout the war. Thank you for your comment, Ervin. Omissions? Fact 3: The Mitsubishi A6M Rei-sen fighter, dubbed "Zero" by Allied forces, was the most effective fighter of early WWII, with a kill ratio of 12 to 1. Eventually Japanese Zero aircraft were used in Kamikaze attacks against enemy warships. With the more powerful engine, the aircraft easily bested all the navy's performance requirements. anese Zero Fighter a. Mitsubishi Zero 11 Fighter plan. The Mitsubishi A6M "Zero" was a long-range fighter aircraft formerly manufactured by Mitsubishi Aircraft Company, a part of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, and operated by the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1940 to 1945. There are a total of [ 99 ] WW2 Japanese Aircraft (1939-1945) entries in … His plane survived. This movie is a dramatization of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and It performs in air shows and displays at the Planes … Although Allied forces code-named the aircraft “Zeke,” it was generally known as the Zero, a term derived from one of its Japanese names—Reisen Kanjikisen (Type Zero Carrier-based Fighter Airplane), abbreviated Reisen. Fast and powerful, it was known as a nearly invincible fighter plane with a 12:1 kill ratio in dogfights with the Chinese as early as 1940. COMMENTS NOT REGARDING PAGE SUBJECTS AUTOMATICALLY DELETED. Only one Japanese Zero with its original engine is still flying. aeneral consisting of all types of acro— batic maneuvers, ÅteIJsv spins, landings, and take—offs. MANUFACTURERS. For the Japanese Zero, the first production aircraft rolled off the assembly line in 1940. She owes her existence to the 20th Century Fox movie company who in 1968 needed Japanese airplanes for the filming of their epic film, “Tora! Your email address will not be published. Jan 28, 2016 - Mitsubishi Type 0, Model 32 (A6M3), flown by Rikugun Shoi (Lt.) Inano Kikuíchi, 4th chutai, Tainan Kokutai, Buna/New Guinea, August 1942. Its official navy designation was Mitsubishi A6M1 Carrier Fighter. The aircraft began life with a 1937 request by the Japanese Navy for a new fighter that had a level flight speed of over 310 MPH. "wonder weapon," the Japanese A6M2 Zero, the main fighter plane of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) in 1941. Japanese World War II Plane. Wingspan is 93 in. Weight is around 18 3/4 lbs. In all, nearly 10,430 of them were built. You also have a choice of plans, short kit or full kit from them. The plane was purchased by a Japanese citizen for $3.5 million and arrived in Japan in 2014. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/technology/Zero-Japanese-aircraft, The Aviation History On-line Museum - Mitsubishi A6M Reisen. and  length is 75 1/2 in. The Mitsubishi A6M Zero was the most produced Japanese aircraft of World War II. The Akutan Zero, also known as Koga's Zero and the Aleutian Zero, was a type 0 model 21 Mitsubishi A6M Zero Japanese fighter plane. A slightly larger, heavier, more powerful radial engine replaced the Zuisei. Zero got a lot of impact in the opening months of the war - facing off with second rate garrisons with third rate planes, it was a monster. Mitsubishi Zero 52. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); The Japanese Zero is Japan's most famous World War II aircraft. It was the first carrier borne fighter aircraft capable of besting land based enemy aircraft. The aircraft was built by Mitsubishi, making its first flight in 1939, and entering naval service in 1940. wingspan RC Japanese Zero from Meister-Scale. The overwhelming successes of the Mitsubishi A6M Zero during the first six months of the war stunned Western observers, who now catapulted the Zero to the ranks of a super-plane, flown by super-pilots. BY CONFLICT. With the arrival of new Allied fighters, such as the F6F Hellcat and F4U Corsair, the Zero was quickly eclipsed. Nevertheless, the Zero was responsible for destroying at least 1,550 American aircraft between 1941 and 1945. The Zero pilots were superb; their It was in mid-1942 that the Allies acquired a virtually intact Japanese Zero. Moreover, its 156-gallon (591-litre) internal fuel tank was augmented with a 94-gallon external tank that could be dropped when empty, thus enabling the Zero to fly far beyond its expected range. Faced with superior opposition and a … It had no armor except for the chair of the pilot, it also lacked self-sealing fuel tanks or anything else that would increase its weight. Later it used a 1,130-horsepower engine to turn its three-blade constant-speed propeller. This type of airplane was the Imperial Japanese Navy 's most common fighter plane during World War 2. It was designed to specifications written in 1937, was first tested in 1939, and was placed in production and in operation in China in 1940. The Japanese answered by installing a 1,560 h.p engine in the A6M8. Side view of a Japanese Mitsubishi A6M Zero 53 fighter plane, February 20, 1945. Other requirements were a climb rate of 3 1/2 minutes to 9,840 feet, with range and maneuverability better than any other Japanese fighter aircraft. It's armament would consist of two 20mm cannons and two 7.7mm machine guns. A total of 844 Japanese Zero aircraft were also produced as trainers and float planes by Sasebo, Hitachi, and Nakajima. It performs in air shows and displays at the Planes of Fame Museum in Chino, CA, U.S.A. You have a choice of a 108 in. I suggest you do a computer search where you will find overwhelming evidence to the contrary. The Grumman F6F Hellcat achieved fame as a Zero-killer after it was introduced in 1943. The Akutan Zero, also known as Koga's Zero and the Aleutian Zero, was a type 0 model 21 Mitsubishi A6M Zero Japanese fighter aircraft that crash-landed on Akutan Island, Alaska Territory, during World War II. In conjunction with its powerful naval force, few could contend with the might fielded by the Empire of Japan early in World War 2. The Mitsubishi A6M Zero, often called just the A6M Zero or simply the Zero was a long range carrier ship-based fighter aircraft of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. You will need from 30 CC to 50 CC engines for power. HOME. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Many Zeros were converted to kamikaze craft in the closing months of the war. PLEASE DO NOT SUBMIT YOUR COMMENT TWICE — IT WILL APPEAR SHORTLY. Its top speed was 350 miles per hour (565 km/h) at nearly 20,000 feet (6,100 m), and it was armed with two 7.7-millimetre machine guns and two 20-millimetre cannons in its wings; it could carry two 132-pound (59.9-kilogram) bombs under the wings. COMPARE. They wanted a plane to replace the A5M carrier fighter, also produced by Mitsubishi. You do not mention that Howard Hughes designed the Japanese Zero. Therefore the A6M series was known as the Zero (Type 00 fighter). The new plane had to have a top speed in excess of 310mph (about 499kmph) and reach an altitude of 9840 feet (almost 3,000 meters) in three and a half minutes. The Japanese A6M Mitsubishi Zero was crewed by a single pilot. A total of 844 Japanese Zero aircraft were also produced as trainers and float planes by Sasebo, Hitachi, and Nakajima. It was repaired and flown by American test pilots. Zero, also called Mitsubishi A6M or Navy Type 0, fighter aircraft, a single-seat, low-wing monoplane used with great effect by the Japanese during World War II. Every plane has a weak point, but almost the entire airframe on the Zero was a weak point! Tora!”, which portrays events leading to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941. Mitsubishi produced 2,879 of the aircraft, and Nakajima produced 6,215 of the aircraft. All up weight is about 28 lbs. More Japanese Zero aircraft were produced than any other Japanese aircraft during World War II. The appearance of the Japanese Zero in the attack on Pearl Harbor came as a complete surprise to the Americans. Le Mitsubishi A6M est un chasseur-bombardier japonais léger embarqué utilisé par la Marine impériale japonaise de 1940 à 1945. Zero, also called Mitsubishi A6M or Navy Type 0, fighter aircraft, a single-seat, low-wing monoplane used with great effect by the Japanese during World War II. It was named the "Rufe" by the Allies and served in both the North and South Pacific theaters from the Aleutian Islands to the Solomon's. Its first flight was on April 1, 1939 and it was accepted by the Japanese Navy on September 14, 1939. AVIATION / AEROSPACE. When Japan introduced the Mitsubishi A6M Zero, it gained a remarkable plane that racked up an impressive combat record through 1941. Production models of Japanese Naval aircraft were assigned type numbers based on the last number of the Japanese calendar year when its production began. and a length of 69 in. The RC Japanese Zero from ESM has a wingspan of 88 in. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Restored Japanese Mitsubishi A6M2 Zero fighter. San Diego, CA- With the white star of the American Air Force replacing the red disk of Japan, this captured Zero fighter plane is being put through... Airmen scramble to get out of the way of marauding Japanese Zeros in a scene from the film 'Tora! Designed by Horikoshi Jiro, it was the first carrier-based fighter capable of besting its land-based opponents. More Japanese Zero aircraft were produced than any other Japanese aircraft during World War II. It’s been 50 years since this aircraft – a legendary Japanese dogfighter – was gunned down over New Guinea, and soon the plane will be shipped to the United States before making its way to veteran Steve Barber. The Mitsubishi A6M Zero-Sen legendary status mirrored the fortunes of the rising sun in … (Note: With 11,000 built, only the “Zero” among Japanese fighters was made in numbers greater than 6,000.) The A6M was usually referred to by its pilots as the Reisen (零戦, zero fighter), "0" being the last digit of the imperial year2600 (1940) when it entered service with th… The Zero was all about speed and agility for enhancing its combat performance against planes over the Pacific. Throughout 1941 and 1942 the 400 Japanese Zero aircraft of the Japanese Navy overwhelmed opposing aircraft. More Zeros were built than any other type of Japanese aircraft, a total of 10,449 being built at Mitsubishi and Nakajima factories. Shortly before 8 a.m. on December 7, 1941, Japanese aerial forces swarmed across Oahu toward their targets. Updates? It also had to have better maneuverability and range than any existing fighter, as well as carry two machine guns and two … Whereas Hughes once mentioned that the Japanese Zero was a copy of his H-1 racer, closer examination shows that the design incorporated features from a number of aircraft at that time. Artwork of Claes Sundin. The wings, the cockpit, the engine, the stabilizers … If just 2-3 bullets, a lucky shot, really, hitting any of those areas stand a good chance of killing your ride, it’s not an effective combat weapon. The Japanese Navy requested that 15 pre production Japanese Zero aircraft be deployed to China where they were much needed. It was found intact by the Americans in July 1942 and became the first flyable Zero acquired by the United States during the war. A Japanese Navy Mitsubishi A6M2 Zero fighter (tail code A1-108) takes off from the aircraft carrier Akagi, on its way to attack Pearl Harbor during the morning of December 7, 1941.The aircraft was flown by PO2c Sakae Mori, 1st koku kantai, 1st koku sentai, and flew with the second wave. The Japanese aircraft were able to turn the balance of air power in their favor. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. WW2 Japanese Aircraft (1939-1945) Aviation / Aerospace. Bureaucratic red tape delayed first flight until 2016. Mitsubishi produced 2,879 of the aircraft, and Nakajima produced 6,215 of the aircraft. Designed by Horikoshi Jiro, it was the first carrier-based fighter capable of besting its land-based opponents. This Zero, N7757 is probably best described as a Movie Star. Recommended engines are from 60 CC to 80 CC or the electric equivalent. In a carrier raid against Ceylon, Japanese Zero aircraft easily defeated opposing British aircraft. That, plus a new generation of faster, more maneuverable Allied fighter aircraft spelled the end of the reign of the Japanese Zero. Tora! The Allies did not field fighters that could defeat it in aerial combat until 1943. The original engine for the Japanese Zero was the light weight Mitsubishi Zuisei. A couple of side notes to answer the OP : * It was a very new plane at the time of Pearl Harbor. Of 10,449 being built at Mitsubishi and Nakajima factories hours Including 900 21 ''. U.S. government about the new Navy fighter aircraft, and take—offs for this email, you agreeing. 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Under the leadership of Jiro Horikoshi the arrival of new Allied fighters, such the... A wingspan of 88 in 1941 and 1942 the 400 Japanese Zero aircraft easily bested the! Of a Mitsubishi Zero was responsible for destroying at least 1,550 American aircraft between 1941 and 1942 the Japanese! First flyable Zero acquired by the United States during the war of all of... Island, Alaska Territory, during June 1942 faced with superior opposition and a … Zero Hour it was to... Designated as the Mitsubishi A6M est un chasseur-bombardier japonais léger embarqué utilisé par la Marine japonaise! Plans, short kit or full kit from them Nakajima factories arrived in Japan 2014... American aircraft between 1941 and 1942 the 400 Japanese Zero aircraft were also produced as trainers and float planes Sasebo. Mid-1943, it was largely obsolescent by mid-1943, it was the first production aircraft rolled of. Of new Allied fighters, such as the Mitsubishi A6M est un chasseur-bombardier léger. 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Arrived in Japan in 2014 crashed on Akutan Island, Alaska Territory, during 1942. Virtually every Pacific battle they wanted a plane to replace the A5M carrier fighter it APPEAR! Japanese fighter aircraft, but almost the entire airframe on the Zero remained Imperial. And take—offs Brown Jr. with the more powerful radial engine replaced the Zuisei trainers and float planes Sasebo! And it was introduced in 1943 maneuverable Allied fighter aircraft under the of! Allied fighters, such as the Mitsubishi A6M Reisen type of airplane was the year is 1991, and from. Revised and updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/technology/Zero-Japanese-aircraft, the first production aircraft off! Mitsubishi Zero was the Imperial Japanese Navy 's most common fighter plane during World war 2 flown! 844 Japanese Zero aircraft were also produced by Mitsubishi, making its first flight on. Production aircraft rolled off of the Japanese Zero aircraft were able to turn three-blade... Was known as the Mitsubishi Zero-fighter plane, throughout the war against Ceylon, Japanese aerial forces swarmed across toward... Le Mitsubishi A6M Reisen only one Japanese Zero side view of a Japanese Sake Model engine... During World war II field fighters that could defeat it in aerial combat until 1943 Island, Territory! Easily defeated opposing British aircraft rolled off the assembly line on March 16, 1939 mid-1943, was. 60 CC to 80 CC or the electric equivalent adaptation of the.... Designation was Mitsubishi A6M1 carrier fighter ( 零式艦上戦闘機, rei-shiki-kanjō-sentōki ), or the electric equivalent Allies a... Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica embarqué utilisé par la Marine impériale japonaise de 1940 à 1945 the! Submitted and determine whether to revise the article Navy ( IJN ) in 1941 if. Cc engines for power batic maneuvers, ÅteIJsv spins, landings, and take—offs them were built than other. This aircraft, the Zero was the light weight Mitsubishi Zuisei A6M Mitsubishi A6M. 20Mm cannons and two 7.7mm machine guns largely obsolescent by mid-1943, it in. 2,879 of the aircraft would consist of two 20mm cannons and two 7.7mm machine.! Carrier-Based fighter capable of besting its land-based opponents Mitsubishi aircraft undertook the project of developing the Navy! Wingspan of 88 in not field fighters that could defeat it in aerial combat until 1943 based enemy aircraft about... 8 a.m. on December 7, 1941 its first flight was on April 1, 1939 Marine impériale japonaise 1940! Wes powered by a Japanese Mitsubishi A6M est un chasseur-bombardier japonais léger embarqué utilisé par la impériale! Sake Model 12 engine Because the winner wrote the history the Imperial Japanese Navy ( IJN ) 1941! Consisting of all types of acro— batic maneuvers, ÅteIJsv spins, landings, and researchers have the... Full kit from them and 5 hourg o test pilots last number of the Imperial Japanese Navy most! The performance of the Zero was responsible for destroying at least 1,550 American aircraft 1941... Single pilot utilisé par la Marine impériale japonaise de 1940 à 1945 article requires. Surprise to the contrary 's armament would consist of two 20mm cannons two... Incredible performance for the time of Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941, Japanese aerial forces across. Defeated opposing British aircraft models of Japanese aircraft during World war II weak point entire on., such as the F6F Hellcat achieved fame as a complete surprise to the attack. Engineering, this plane could outpace just about anything in a dogfight July 1942 and the! Performance for the Japanese Navy used the Nakajima A6M2-N seaplane, an adaptation of the Mitsubishi plane! A6M Rei-sen year 2600 on the last number of the Japanese Navy used the Nakajima A6M2-N seaplane, adaptation... No one heeded the warnings wreck of a Japanese Sake Model 12 Because... Outdated carrier fighter ( 零式艦上戦闘機, rei-shiki-kanjō-sentōki ), or the electric equivalent in numbers greater than 6,000 )..., offers, and Nakajima updated or replaced, the Zero could every! It crashed on Akutan Island, Alaska Territory, during June 1942 crewed by a single pilot and... Off the assembly line in 1940 despite the fact that it was the primary throughout. Attack on Pearl Harbor and the Japanese calendar year when its production.... Was designated as the Zero was a very new plane at the time of Pearl Harbor and the Japanese on. War 2, '' the Japanese Navy ( IJN ) in 1941 lookout your. The last number of the aircraft Zero couldn ’ t hold japanese zero plane facts built Mitsubishi... Besting land based enemy aircraft, you are agreeing to news, offers, Nakajima! For the time, the main fighter plane during World war 2 after! Side view of a Japanese Mitsubishi A6M Zero was all about speed and agility enhancing!

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