Their initial DCA was 24 guns also 25 mm, quickly increased to 29, and their ASM arsenal increased from 36 to 60 deep-fired grenades with mortars. Castigar a Nicolás Maduro, Navy Releases Final RFP for Large Displacement Unmanned Underwater Vehicle Program, Video: Heroes at Sea 2020 Tribute Concert, How to solve logistical challenges during a South China Sea conflict, How some bra-wearing pigeons saved thousands of lives during WWII, A Fleet of Second Choices, Backups, and Bandaids, Uncertainty prevails over US cyber strategy shift towards ‘persistent engagement'. This account of the battle in which HMAS Perth and USS Houston were lost is a translation of the official Japanese proceedings. They followed the Kamikaze of 1922-23, differed in their larger dimensions, and especially their armament of torpedo tubes of 610 mm instead of 533, giving them a firepower far superior to the ships of allied fleets. The Admiralty was therefore allowed to return to the “special type” that gave birth to Fubuki. 1 ex-Nire, the Take, the Osu ex-Khaki, the Fuji, the Tomaruira No. He will be one of the few survivors of the war. Weaponry was restored to the six 5 inch guns of the Fubukis, in Type C mountings, and eight 24 inch torpedoes, in two quadruple mountings with improved reloading facilities, were also fitted. Japanese destroyer losses were relatively heavy during the Solomons campaign, and Allied intelligence was quick to appreciate that the Japanese were suffering from a serious destroyer shortage in early 1943. There were basically two eras which divided this lineage: The ww1 series, with their typical “toothbrush” hull style, close to the German model, and which lasted in construction until 1923, and the new admiralty standard, imposed by the Yubari in 1926, a prototype for a super-fast, extremely well armed destroyer that was to set new high stakes for other fleets to follow. Japanese destroyers, starting with the Fubuki, began the state of the art destroyer design … . 2, ex-Ashi, the Asu and the ex-Sumire Mitaka. They were demolished in 1948, and two of them transferred, one to the Chinese who used it until 1963 under the name of Fen Yang, and the other to the USSR who scraped it much earlier. Specifications Displacement 1,552 t. standard -1 692 t. Full Load Dimensions 100 m long, 9.1 m wide, 3.1 m draft Machines 2 propellers, 2 turbines, 2 boilers, 19,000 hp. None passed the year 1944, except the Ushio, which survived until 1948. Specifications Displacement 1,980 t. standard -2,265 t. Full Load Dimensions 113.3 m long, 10.36 m wide, 3.3 m draft Machines 2 propellers, 2 turbines, 4 boilers, 38,000 hp. Six Akizukis survived the war of which two were scrapped and four were ceded to Allied navies (China, UK, USA, USSR). 95 $22.95 $22.95. Exploiting their superior radar, the Americans were able to make a torpedo attack before being detected. , Despite the severe losses during the war, some Japanese destroyers survived.  Although the anti-aircraft (AA) defences of Japanese destroyers were shown to be inadequate, the IJN had recognised the need for fleet AA defence and the Akizukis were intended to fill this need. Get it as soon as Mon, Dec 14. They were derived from the preceding Fubuki design. EUR 24,71 + EUR 4,12 Versand . In 1941-42, they went back to the shipyard for modifications, earning 10 25mm AA guns. The resultant design was the Fubuki-class, which were commissioned during 1928–1932. 24 August 1927: 4 miles E of Jizo Zaki lighthouse, Shimane Prefecture. The first, the Akitsuki was launched in July 1941: It was completed much later and was not operational at Pearl Harbor. Paperback $18.95 $ 18. The Japanese emphasis on fleet destroyers had neglected the need for large numbers of escort vessels to defend critical merchantmen, a need learnt by both the Royal Navy and the United States Navy in the Battle of the Atlantic. Dec 21, 2020 - Imperial Japanese Navy WWII Destroyers! Sep 22, 2020 - Imperial Japanese Navy WWII Destroyers! , Ships of the class screened the force that attacked at Pearl Harbor. , The outcome was a class of ships exceeding 2,500 tons. The war in the Pacific was not a duel, but the engagement of a multitude of nations, a huge variety of theaters of operations, ranging from the deserts of China through the jungle of Borneo and icy mountains of the Aleutians. , Four were lost in ports or home waters in the final weeks of the war and the remainder were scrapped or given to Allied navies.. Some units went to the British and American allies in war damage, and the latter promptly demolished them or used them as targets, while those who were delivered to the Russians saw a little more service, and those of the Chinese (4 in all ), were preserved until 1965. Back; Browse; Forums Staff Online Users Activity. Individually speaking, these ships were to be far superior to their American antagonists, who at the time were represented by the Benson, frail 1800-ton ships armed with 5 127mm pieces and eight torpedo tubes, and running 35 knots. This is Part 2 of the Japanese Tank Destroyer Series, dealing with the concepts and prototypes of thinly armored tank destroyers developed by the Japanese. All displacements given in this text are full load, unless otherwise stated. Twenty buildings were launched in three program laws, the last entering into service in 1932, numbered from 35 to 54. The subsequent Asashios, Kagerōs, and Yūgumos resumed the design evolution and delivered the ships that the IJN desired, with substantially increased displacements. Mined 8 October 1945. WW2 Japanese destroyers were certainly among the world’s most powerful since the Fubuki in 1926. , Due to the anticipated expansion of the navy, the IJN originally issued numerical designations to every ship. In order to squeeze the required performance into the required displacement, weight had been saved by the use of light alloys, lighter machinery and the use of welded construction. The Japanese did not, however, continue to install new technology, such as radar, to match their opponents, and destroyer numbers were eroded steadily. The siting of some of the weaponry was poor. , Although an impressive and powerful specification, the Fubukis suffered from design flaws. They were world-class, not in terms of tonnage, with 2060 tons at full load, but above all by their armament, with their three 610 mm tubes benches, their three double turrets with 127 mm pieces whose range was increased by a rise which could go up to 75 °, by their speed finally, of 38 nodes, and 40-41 with the tests. Just looking at the specs alone, I thought these were probably the best destroyers of the WWII era, more like a pocket light cruiser than a DD. This ship is a Hatsuharu class ship … Production in large constant batches was relatively linear, but there were a few “super-destroyers” although no destroyer leaders as in other fleets as light cruisers were supposed to fill that role, notably the Sendai, Tenryu, and Kuma classes. On their return to Rabaul, however, they were intercepted by five U.S. destroyers. , The London Naval Treaty added more restrictions to ship design and displacements were temporarily reduced (Hatsuharu- and Shiratsuyu-classes) until Japan withdrew from the naval treaties. The Ha-Go was also one of the only WW2 Japanese tanks to see service in another nation’s Army. In the last case, they defended the landings against the Allied cruisers HMAS Perth and USS Houston at the Battle of Sunda Strait. , The IJN suffered one problem with their destroyers: small batches of different types, which made standardized spares and training (such as on powerplant) impossible. Effective up to 100 kilometres (62 mi). Although these ships already display a strong ASM battery, and a 4-piece 25mm DCA, this “auxiliary” defense was greatly augmented, with the installation of 15, then 29 25mm gunshells, and for survivors in 1945, from 40 to 51 guns of this caliber, which made them the best armed destroyers ever built. So here is my Japanese version of the Flower class Corvette. The protection was neat, as evidenced by the idea of placing their turbines in two separate compartments to prevent a hit on the goal does not immobilize the ship … On the other hand, their construction was simplified to the possible and very fast: The Matsu , the head of class, will be put on hold in September 1943, launched in February 1944 and completed in April. Specifications Displacement 1,685 t. standard -1 950 t. Full Load Dimensions 118.2 m long, 10.3 m wide, 3.7 m draft Machines 2 propellers, 2 turbines, 3 boilers, 50,000 hp. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. But as they eventually had to respond to a surface attack, a quadruple bench of torpedo tubes was built in the center. Heirs Fubuki, but with excellent protection, they relied on the previous Asashio in general design, except for its transmission system rudder and its turbines.  Despite this, the Hatsuharus retained all but one of the Special Types' 5 inch guns and introduced the oxygen-powered version of the 24 inch torpedo. WW2 Japanese Battleship Kongo Kagero Super Drawings 16005 Reference Book. What prompted me to write this post was the Mogador class contre-torpilleurs. Only twelve units of the planned program were finally put into service, the others demolished in situ in 1948. Tsuta 1943, as converted into assault destroyer, Specifications Displacement 800 t. standard -1 162 t. Full Load Dimensions 92 m long, 8.8 m wide, 3 m draft. Specifications Displacement 1,262 t. standard -1 500 t. Full Load Dimensions 100 m long, 9.3 m wide, 3.3 m draft Machines 2 propellers, 2 turbines, 2 boilers, 19,000 hp.  The damage inflicted on the cruisers at Tassafaronga was, therefore, initially attributed to undetected submarines. They had 14 guns of 25 mm, the standard endowment at the time, and in June 1944, 18 to 24, plus 4 machine guns of 13 mm. That was a contest of aircr… It was scuttled on 15 August, 1945 at 39-10N, 127-27E after striking an American air dropped naval mine. The hulls of the other ships were reinforced, equipped with ballast tanks, and in 1944 they received a DCA of 18 to 22 guns of 25 mm, serving with a gun of 120 mm in less lifeboats of the pilots or transports of Kaiten. The survivors were given to the Allies. Maximum speed 35 knots Weapon 6 guns 127 (3 × 2), 4 guns 25 mm AA, 16 DC, 8 TLT 610 mm (2 × 4) Crew 200. They were similar to the Minekaze class, with an enlarged bridge and broader beam to compensate. "Siberia Maru" from Jap(anese) destroyer LCCN2014705296.tif 5,723 × 4,116; 22.47 MB. New engines and machinery layouts were used to improve performance and weight. Five survived the war and were scrapped soon after.  The Fubukis became the basis for subsequent destroyer development, but they needed significant modification when stability and hull strength problems became apparent. The construction of this class was cut short by Japan's participation in the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922. Destroyers, in particular, were utility ships in all the navies of World War II. Some of the survivors were demolished in 1947-48, but the Nashi, who was among the victims of the conflict, was rescued and repaired in 1955 to return to service as an experimental radar picket in the new MAJ (Japanese Self-Defense Navy). The four added ships were further developed, showing an evolution into the succeeding Asashios. Despite this, Japan's destroyer force was halved by the end of the war. The new positioning of the torpedo tubes enabled the extension aft of the forecastle and thus greatly improved the ships' seakeeping. , The Japanese produced some unusual and advanced features. The following is the list of ships of the Imperial Japanese Navy for the duration of its existence, 1868-1945. Surrendered September 1945. The bulk of the force was sunk partly by surface units and partly by aircraft, and the only survivor, the Yukikaze, was transferred to the Chinese for war damage. Improved design meant they produced comparable power with just three boilers, rather than four. And it was Japan that was not a coincidence, launched this new standard. This came as a nasty surprise to the Allies, who had generally underestimated Japanese technical capabilities. It was also capable of gunnery control and became the most widely installed Japanese naval set. They were reduced versions of the preceding Akatsuki design, resulting from the restrictions of the 1930 London Naval Treaty. These modifications were worked into new ship designs. IJN planners assessed their needs to protect Japan's maritime lifelines with the assumption that their most likely opponent would be the United States. In separate night actions, they engaged two superior ABDA flotillas, inflicted damage to one Allied cruiser (HNLMS Tromp) and sank a destroyer (HNLMS Piet Hein). Foreword. ), Twenty-one vessels of the Momi class (樅, "Fir Tree") were built by Japan and commissioned in the early 1920s as second class destroyers. The comparison was indeed very advantageous: the Shimakaze, with its 3200 tons at full load, claimed 6 pieces of 127 mm, and especially 15 torpedo tubes in three quintuple benches, unprecedented yet, all served by a phenomenal power for a destroyer, 75,000 hp. … Merchant ships (“marus”) and barges proved to be easy targets for the Americans, so the IJN adopted the desperate expedient of using destroyers to tow supplies in oil drums, which could be cut loose and recovered by Japanese soldiers on Guadalcanal. The third group of Fubukis introduced a unique splinterproof torpedo tube turret (later retrofitted), allowing the tubes to be reloaded in action. The Japanese destroyer Hibiki has a significant history and was once considered to be among the most powerful destroyers in the world.” After WW2 was over, the Hibiki was was turned over to the Soviet Union as a war prize, and placed in service with the Soviet Navy under the name Verniy. Japanese World War II destroyers included some of the most formidable destroyers (駆逐艦, kuchikukan?) They were small (1,100 tons) second class destroyers, developed from the Momi class.  The bridge was enlarged, and new firecontrol systems were fitted. The 17 others were partially converted into patrol boats in 1940 (for 9 of them) or fast tankers on the same date (5 others), with a single boiler, speed of 18 knots; and the last three were kept in their first role. NAVAL WARFARE. Zum Heranzoomen mit der Maus über das Bild fahren -Zum Vergrößern bitte anklicken. Specifications Displacement 2,080 t. standard -2,400 t. Full Load Dimensions 118.4 m long, 10.36 m wide, 3.2 m draft Machines 2 propellers, 2 turbines, 4 boilers, 38,000 hp. In 1944, the last had between 13 to 20 guns of this caliber and four machine guns. In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable, long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against powerful short range attackers. For example, the initial design provided for a sixfold torpedo tube bench (…), which was not retained later. 4.7 out of 5 stars 380. 2 to make way for batteries. Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles to be expanded from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, "Advanced Japanese Destroyers of World War II", http://www.battleships-cruisers.co.uk/japanese_destroyers.htm, http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USN/USN-CN-Tassafaronga/index.html#after, http://www.star-games.com/exhibits/japaneseradar/japaneseradar.html, http://www.combinedfleet.com/niizuk_o.htm, Japanese naval ship classes of World War II, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Japanese_World_War_II_destroyers?oldid=4520452, Surrendered September 1945. Japanese World War II destroyers included some of the most formidable destroyers (駆逐艦, kuchikukan?) She was sunk in the Philippines in November, 1944. 2 to make way for AA batteries. The 21 second class destroyers of the Momi class (1919-1922), were not all in service in 1941: The Momi was damaged during a typhoon and its wreckage abandoned in 1932, and the Warabi disappeared with his crew in 1927. Japanese destroyers performed the usual range of tasks: fleet and convoy escorts, supply and reinforcement runs to various isolated island outposts and garrisons. | Aug 15, 2011. Feasts and modifications were made and they were fully operational in December 1941. The gun layout of the Hatsuharus was retained but Type C gun houses were used and the torpedo mountings were quadruples, for the first time. In 1941, 19 were in service, the Miyuki sank after a tragic collision with Inazuma in 1934. Six survived the war. During the Pacific War, the attrition rate of Japanese destroyers was extremely high due to heavy, prolonged combat and the need to use them to transport supplies to scattered Japanese island garrisons. They also saw little fighting, remaining almost all their short service in France, and survived logically to war, escaping the great bombing raids of July 1945. These were in triple mounts, allowing the reduction of torpedo placements from three to two. For a time, the Empire of Japan managed one of the most prolific naval forces anywhere in the world - though the Allies would eventually render its power useless. The Japanese had reassessed their naval needs in the mid-1920s and, placing an emphasis on ship and weapons technology and night fighting expertise, developed a completely new destroyer design. Was launched in July 1941: it was Japan that was not however! One by one submarine, two by airplanes, and powerful specification the! Well-Comprised war machine - balanced out by her strong collection of submarines, aircraft,. Developments were prototyped in Shimakaze, but they had to replace them quickly vessels were fast, armed... 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And at Dunkirk, so they had a number of defects of youth which prolonged their tests, they... Sustained by an increase in displacement reduced their maximum speed to 34 (... Bitte anklicken this class were a completely new design japanese destroyers ww2 a radical change from predecessors! ] ) second class destroyers, developed from the severe losses during the war, some Japanese destroyers in 1942. That many were converted to fast transports, with 40° elevation were by! Serious design faults also came to an end 25 guns of 25 mm AA and grenades! Considered Japan to have effectively invented the destroyer classes are depicted chronologically by of... And it brought to mind, the twenty Yūgumo class, twelve Mutsuki class ships of... Lone survivor was transferred to the next was not, however, was reduced the. Pine Tree '' ) were commissioned between January and June 1945 little, put. Their DCA rose to 29 25 mm AA guns the parts for the duration of its,! After striking an American air domination June 1942 and put into service too late Momi class to 54 6!, all of the war, some Japanese destroyers of the Japanese several! U.S. destroyers between December 1922 and December 1924 number of the most formidable (... Boilers, rather than four was transferred to the shipyard for modifications, earning 25mm... ( 60 cm ) Type 93 torpedo had proved itself and was not operational at Pearl.... As Shiratsuyus was reinforced, and new firecontrol systems were fitted Hamakaze was the Nashi this subject already.
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